Wednesday, January 11, 2012

Sugarcane Post-Harvest Residue Management in Temperate Climates


item Richard Jr, Edward
Submitted to: International Society of Sugarcane Technologist Agronomy Workshop
Publication Type: Abstract
Publication Acceptance Date: January 20, 2006
Publication Date: February 20, 2006
Citation: Viator, R।P., Johnson, R.M., Richard Jr, E.P. 2006. Sugarcane post-harvest residue management in temperate climates [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the International Society of Sugarcane Technologist Agronomy Workshop, May 23 - 26, 2006, Khon Kaen, Thailand, p. 8.

Technical Abstract: Retention of post-harvest residue can decrease cane yield by 4।5-13.5 t/ha in the temperate climate of Louisiana. A series of experiments was conducted to determine the physiological causes for this loss and to develop management practices to mitigate the effects of residue retention. Chemical extractions revealed the presence of benzoic acid in the residue, which reduced cane germination by 50% compared to the control (water only). Residue retention was also shown to decrease leaf area. Regression analysis showed that for every 1 t/ha of residue, sugar yields were decreased by 0.13 t/ha. Management research demonstrated that sugar and cane yield reductions were greater on third (12 and 10%) compared to second (4 and 1%) and first (3 and 2%) year ratoons. In prior research, residue retention lowered cane yield, which resulted in lower sugar yields. This study showed that both a decrease in cane yield and sucrose concentration caused lower sugar yields. Irrespective of ratoon age, mechanical removal to the wheel furrow proved similar to burning, and both removal methods increased cane yields over the control (no removal). Incorporation of residue once placed in the wheel furrow did not increase yield, but may aid in decomposition. Data indicated that across ratoons, residue should be removed when the crop becomes dormant (usually in January in Louisiana). If removal is delayed until the crop is actively growing (usually in March in Louisiana), mechanical removal is the only option because burning will result in an additional 11% reduction in sugar yield when compared to full retention. To conclude, sugarcane post-harvest residue has multiple detrimental physiological effects on sugarcane. Moreover, stubble age, soil type, method, and timing of removal should all be taken into account when making residue management decisions with priority payed to the older ratoons.


Location: Sugarcane Research Unit, Houma, LA

Green cane impact on sugar processing : ISSCT process workshop 2008

Steindl, Roderick J. (2010) Green cane impact on sugar processing : ISSCT process workshop 2008. In Hogarth, Mac & Knight, Peter (Eds.) Proceedings of the 27th International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists Congress, ISSCT , Veracruz, Mexico.

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The ISSCT Process Section workshop held in RĂ©union 20–23 October 2008 was attended by 51 delegates from 10 countries. The theme was Green cane impact on sugar processing. The workshop provided a valuable and timely opportunity to review and discuss the impact on factory operations and performance from a green cane supply that could include significant levels of trash. It was particularly relevant to those mills that were considering options to boost their biomass intake for increased co-generation capacity. Several of the speakers related their experiences with processing ‘whole of crop’ cane supplies through the factory. Speakers detailed the problems and increased losses that were incurred when processing cane with high trash levels. The consensus of the delegates was that the best scenario would involve a cane-cleaning plant at the factory so that only clean cane would be processed through the factory. The forum recommended that more research was required to address the issues of increased impurities in the process streams associated with high trash levels. Site visits to the two factories and a cane-delivery station were arranged as part of the workshop.

Multi Function Equipment

Indonesian Sugar Research Institute (ISRI)

Multi Function Equipment (AMF) is one of cane cultivation implements able to support five activities in maintaining ratoon crops। This equipment is composed by five main components namely disc coulter, ratoon plater, subtiller, and cover flow tool on a frame, which supporting a series of power transmission। The AMF is installed on the back of tractor at its three point hitch. In general, this equipment is moved by hydraulic energy of the tractor but two components i.e. ratoon plater and fertilizer aplicator are powered by pto.

The benefit of the AMF is achieving the standard of maintaining ratoon crops to obtain high sugarcane production। Using mechanization, the standard of maintaining ratoon crops needs 4-5 units of tractor and 4-5 units of equipment. Normally, one unit of the AMF to maintain ratoon crops uses only one unit of tractor. It means the AMF can save investment for equipment.